Roulette is one of the oldest, most exciting and most popular games casino’s offer and it is very easy to learn.
Roulette (which actually means little wheel in French) has its origins in France in the late 18th century.
Over the years the game has developed into the two variances we know nowadays: American Roulette and European Roulette.
The main idea of Roulette is very simple: predict the winning number by betting your chip(s) on it. Of course there is much more behind this fascinating game.
European Roulette is by far the most comprehensive variant.
An European Roulette wheel has 37 numbers (0 – 36) all mixed up.
There are 18 red numbers and 18 black numbers. Besides that there is one green box, number 0 (zero).
An European layout looks generally like this:
The dealer/croupier indicates when bets can be placed by calling “place you bets please” or “Faits vo Jeux” and when it’s no longer allowed to bet with “no more bets please” or the famous French version “Rien ne van Plus”. When the roulette ball has fallen, the dealer marks the winning number by placing the "Dolley Marker" on it, removes all losing bets, and pays out the winning bets (from big odds to small). At European Roulette, players usual play with their own color chips. At a French roulette table (a European variance), players play with the same chips, called jetons. On this table there are normally more dealers to observe the game.
The following standard bets are possible:
Besides placing the bets above, European Roulette offers more. Most of the European Roulette tables have an extra print on the layout which is called "the Neighbors" print. The Neighbors print is an exact copy of the order of the numbers on the Roulette wheel and you can play on certain areas of the wheel.
Please note that only the dealer is allowed to place your bets on this print.
The Neighbors game:
With the Neighbors game, you play 5 numbers situated next to eachother on the wheel. For example if you play "23 neighbors" you play the straight numbers 5 / 10 / 23 / 8 / 30. The bet will cost you five chips.
When playing the Zero Game, you place four chips. Your bet covers the following numbers: 0/3 Split, 12/15 split, 32/35 split and nr 26 straight.
With this bet, you place six chips and you play the following numbers (all splits): 5/8, 10/11, 13/16, 23/24, 27/30 and 33/36.
With this bet, you place nine chips and you play the following numbers: 0/2/3 (2x), 4/7, 12/15, 18/21, 19/22, 25/29 (2x) & 32/35
With this bet, you place five chips and you play the following numbers: , (straiht), 6/9, 14/17, 17/20, 31/34
Major differences between American Roulette & European Roulette:
The biggest difference is by far the Roulette Wheel. Where the Euopean wheel has one "zero", the American has two ( 0 and 00). Therefore also the entire order of numbers is dirrerent.
The American layout looks like this:
Another difference is that American Roulette tables, usually don't offer the neighbors print.
What are the odds?
Because of the extra zero, the Odds at American Roulette are worse than the European table.
With European Roulette, the edge of the house is 2,70%, at American Roulette the edge of the house is 5,26%
An official Roulette wheel has a diameter of 80cm (32 Inch) and is made of mahogany wood. The wheel weight about 60kg and has several bearings to let the wheel spin for at least 12 minutes without touching. The biggest Roulette wheel manufactures are John Huxley and Caro de Paris.
The roulette ball is nowadays made out of Teflon. In the past they usually made the balls out of ivory. The ball should make at least 6 full spins before it falls in one of the numbers in order to be a valid spin.
The roulette wheel has a questionable nickname: The Devils wheel. The reason: if you sum up all the numbers of the wheel, you'll come to a total of 666, the devils number.